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Archivo de la Real Academia Española

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2015-09-03
Archivo de la Real Academia Española
(Academia, 1, Madrid, España, 28014, Teléfono:+ 34 91 420 14 78, extensión 329, Correo electrónico:archivo@rae.es; cquintana@rae.es, http://www.archivo.rae.es)
español

Scope and content

El fondo de la Real Academia Española se compone de la documentación que la institución ha generado desde su constitución en 1713 hasta la actualidad, acumulada como consecuencia de las actividades que la corporación ha desarrollado en cumplimiento de lo establecido en los sucesivos estatutos de los que se ha dotado, y la derivada de la gestión de diversas fundaciones constituidas por algunos de sus miembros por actos "mortis causa", cuya finalidad fue el fomento y premio de la creación literaria y el estudio del idioma. Tal es el caso de las fundaciones Fastenrath, Duque de Alba, Conde de Cartagena, Rivadeneyra, Eulalia Asenjo, Álvarez Quintero, Nieto López y San Gaspar —fundación a través de la que se distribuyeron también socorros—, entre otras.

Destaca por su importancia la serie documental de las actas de las juntas ordinarias y extraordinarias (plenos), juntas de gobierno y comisiones. Efectivamente, los libros de actas pueden considerarse la columna vertebral del fondo institucional, pero no son menos importantes el resto de las series documentales. Su análisis nos permite ser testigos de la evolución de la institución como centro de investigación y como referencia en el mundo de la cultura.

Además de las series de disertaciones mensuales, elogios, oraciones o discursos de ingreso, son también importantes la de publicaciones de la Academia, en la que destaca la documentación sobre las sucesivas ediciones del Diccionario, la Gramática y la Ortografía académicas, así como la producida durante la edición de obras académicas emblemáticas como la del Quijote de 1780; la de expedientes personales de académicos (de número, supernumerarios, honorarios, correspondientes españoles, extranjeros, hispanoamericanos, miembros de las academias correspondientes de la Española y pretendientes a académicos); y la de correspondencia con otras academias (nacionales, correspondientes y extranjeras), con organismos oficiales y privados, y con los particulares.

Es también importante la documentación sobre el establecimiento de las academias americanas y otras correspondientes hoy englobadas en la ASALE, la documentación económica y la que se conserva referida a las distintas sedes que ocupó la Academia y a sus obras de conservación y adaptación a las crecientes necesidades de la corporación.

Son igualmente dignas de mención las colecciones de cédulas reunidas en los ficheros de hilo, de enmiendas y adiciones o de ediciones, general, y "Espasa", así como la de recortes de prensa y la de fotografías.

En el fondo se conservan también colecciones de sellos, medallas y troqueles; de matrices de planchas de cobre, plomo, cobre acerado y zinc; de estampas, dibujos y planos; y de fotograbados y fotolitos.

El fondo de la Real Academia Española es, por tanto, un fondo abierto y muy variado, fuente primordial para el conocimiento de la historia de la institución y para el estudio biográfico de sus individuos de número. Es, igualmente, un punto de referencia para cualquier estudio relacionado con la historia de la lengua y la lexicografía españolas.

Record creators history

(La Real Academia Española se funda en Madrid el año 1713, bajo el reinado de Felipe V, por iniciativa de Juan Manuel Fernández Pacheco y Zúñiga, inspirada en el modelo de la Academia Francesa y con el propósito, reflejado en sus primeros estatutos, de trabajar al servicio del idioma español.Desde entonces, la institución se ha dedicado a preservar —mediante sus actividades, obras y publicaciones— el buen uso y la unidad de una lengua en permanente evolución y expansión, una aspiración también recogida en sus estatutos vigentes, de 1993.Con la creación de la Asociación de Academias de la Lengua Española (ASALE) en 1951, comienza a desarrollarse una política lingüística que implica la colaboración de las veintitrés academias de España, América y Filipinas, con el fin de fijar la norma común sobre léxico, gramática y ortografía para todos los hispanohablantes.A lo largo de su historia, la RAE ha tenido sedes temporales en distintos lugares de la capital de España. La actual, en la calle Felipe IV, es un edificio construido expresamente para la corporación e inaugurado en 1894. Desde 2007 cuenta también con el Centro de Estudios de la RAE y de la ASALE, un edificio de la calle Serrano (187 y 189) cedido por el Gobierno de España para acoger los proyectos panhispánicos.)

Processing information

Descripción de Covadonga de Quintana, archivo de la Real Academia Española

Accruals

Fondo abierto. Desde septiembre de 2015 está en vigor un protocolo de transferencias que prevé nuevas incorporaciones de los distintos departamentos de la Academia durante los meses de julio y septiembre de cada año.

Conditions governing access

Los usuarios podrán consultar los documentos existentes en el Fondo de la Real Academia Española respetando las condiciones establecidas por la legislación vigente y las condiciones físicas de los documentos.

El acceso a los documentos se realizará previa solicitud enviada por correo a la dirección electrónica archivo@rae.es.

Se facilitará información general al ciudadano y al investigador respondiendo a las consultas que lleguen por correo postal o electrónico.

Finding aids

Quintana, Covadonga de, Inventario de documentos de trabajo para la Gramática de la Real Academia Española (1740-1767) [recurso en línea], Madrid: Real Academia Española, 2017.
<http://archivo.rae.es/uploads/r/archivo-de-la-real-academia-espanola-2/0/c/4/0c4b58c3410df68ae9c697516c83db9997ea2995ea00761510ce4a806df262aa/2017_07_28_CQ_Inventario_Gramatica_1740_1767.pdf>

Archivo de la Real Academia Española, Proceso de identificación y conservación preventiva de veintiocho retratos de académicos de la segunda mitad del s. XIX. Fichas catalográficas [recurso en línea], Madrid: Real Academia Española, 2017. Accesible en <http://archivo.rae.es/uploads/r/archivo-de-la-real-academia-espanola-2/1/c/4/1c41b4d0991f37467ecdebce40934b133e8bdeef95211f327adf385bc2e7a99d/FRAE_Catalogo_FOT_001_1_28_1_.pdf>.

Related material

FUNDACIÓN ANTONIO MAURA
Fondo personal de Antonio Maura Montaner
Documentación producida en su condición de director de la Real Academia Española.

ARCHIVO HISTÓRICO NACIONAL
Archivo de Luis Rosales Camacho
Actas de sesiones e informes de trabajos lexicográficos.
Carta de José L. Lasaga dirigida a los académicos.
Cartel del acto literario en homenaje a la Real Academia Española, organizado por la Federación Provincial de Casas Regionales, celebrado el 29 de junio de 1990.
Chuflillas que compuso José García Nieto para leer en la comida del director.
Invitación de la Asociación de Amigos de la Real Academia Española a la recepción de clausura del Congreso de Academias de la Lengua Española.

Objetos
Medalla conmemorativa a Francisco Rodríguez Marín.

Ministerio de Ultramar
Dotación a la biblioteca de la Universidad de La Habana (1890; 1892; 1896-1898).
Dotación de libros al Ministerio de Ultramar (1864).
Recomendación en Ultramar de obras de la Academia (1867-1871).

Consejo de Castilla
Licencia de impresión de "Cartas marruecas" solicitada por su autor, José Cadalso y Vázquez (1774-1778).
Licencia de impresión de la obra "Curso de táctica teórica, práctica e histórica" solicitada por su traductor del francés al castellano y adicionador, José Serrano Valdenebro y Córdoba (1774).
Licencia de impresión de la obra de Juan Ferreras "Elogio histórico" solicitada por la Real Academia Española (1735).
Licencia de impresión de la obra "Discurso físico sobre el cometa observado en esta corte en los meses de agosto, septiembre y octubre de este año de 1769 " solicitada por su autor, Ignacio López de Ayala (1769).
Licencia de impresión de la obra "El libro de la infancia o ideas generales y definiciones de las cosas en que los niños deben estar instruidos" solicitada por su traductor del francés al castellano, Miguel Copin (1770).
Licencia de impresión de la obra "Explicación según las reglas de retórica de la oración de Cicerón en defensa de la ley de C. Manilio" solicitada por su autor, José de Muruzábal (1774-1775).
Licencia de impresión de la obra "Fundamento del vigor y elegancia de la lengua castellana", de Gregorio Garcés, solicitada por el impresor Antonio Sancha (1787-1788).
Licencia de impresión de la obra "La inoculación del buen juicio" solicitada por su traductor del francés al castellano, Pedro Ignacio de Elguea (1769-1770).
Licencia de impresión de la obra "Métrico bosquejo en que se aparenta la más regia, magnífica..." solicitada por su autor, José de la Ballina (1770).
Licencia de impresión de la obra "Ortografía castellana para el uso de los niños en las escuelas" solicitada por su autor, Antonio Cortés Moreno (1779).

Existence and location of copies

Archivo de la Real Academia Española.

Existence and location of originals

Archivo de la Real Academia Española.

Publication note

Diccionario de la lengua castellana: en que se explica el verdadero sentido de las voces ... / compuesto por la Real Academia Española. En Madrid: en la imprenta de Francisco del Hierro, impresor de la Real Academia Española, 1726-1739.

Molins, Marqués de. «Reseña histórica de la Academia Española», Memorias de la Academia Española, I, 1870, págs. 7-128.

Cotarelo Mori, Emilio. «La fundación de la Real Academia Española y su primer director, Juan Manuel Fernández Pacheco, marqués de Villena», BRAE, 1, 1914, págs. 2-38 y 89-127.

Cotarelo Valledor, Armando. Bosquejo histórico de la Real Academia Española ... leído en la sesión conmemorativa del centenario de Felipe V, celebrada por el Instituto de España ... el día 26 de octubre de 1946, Madrid, Instituto de España, imprenta de Editorial Magisterio Español, 1946.

Lázaro Carreter, Fernando. Crónica del Diccionario de autoridades (1713-1740) : discurso leído el día 11 de junio de 1972, en el acto de su recepción, por el Excmo. Sr. Don Fernando Lázaro Carreter y contestación del Excmo. Sr. Don Rafael Lapesa Melgar, Madrid, [s.n.], 1972.

Zamora Vicente, Alonso. La Real Academia Española, Madrid, Espasa, 1999.
Zamora Vicente, Alonso. La Real Academia Española, Madrid, Fundación María Cristina Masaveu Peterson; Madrid, Real Academia Española, 2015.

Ferrer del Río, Antonio. «Reseña histórica de la fundación, progresos y vicisitudes de la Real Academia Española», discurso leído en 30 de septiembre de 1860, Memorias, II, Madrid, 1871, págs. 176-196.
discurso [1860] reproducido en las citadas Memorias, 11, 1871.

García de la Concha, Víctor. La Real Academia Española. Vida e historia, Madrid, Espasa Calpe, 2014.

Álvarez de Miranda, Pedro. «La Real Academia Española», Boletín informativo de la Fundación Juan March, 225, diciembre de 1992, págs. 3-16.

Álvarez de Miranda, Pedro. «La Real Academia Española y la Académie Française», BRAE, LXXV, 1995, págs. 403-417.

Amunátegui Reyes R., Miguel Luis. La Real Academia Española y sus relaciones con sus hijas de América, Santiago de Chile, imprenta de la Dirección General de Prisiones, 1943.

González Ollé, Fernando. La Real Academia Española en su primer siglo, Madrid, Arco/Libros, 2014.

Iglesias, Carmen y Sánchez Ron, José Manuel (coords.). La lengua y la palabra. Trescientos años de la Real Academia Española, Madrid, Real Academia Española, 2013.

VV.AA. Las Reales Academias del Instituto de España, Madrid, Instituto de España, Alianza Editorial, 1992.

Physical description

3500 metros lineales

Other descriptive information

Publicado

Parcial

Final

http://archivo.rae.es/index.php/real-academia-espanola-1714

ES 28079 ARAE

Keywords

Corporate names: Real Academia Española (1713-)

Language of the material

alemán catalán español francés húngaro inglés italiano latín portugués

Record creator

Real Academia Española (1713-)

Content provider

Archivo de la Real Academia Española

(Academia, 1, Madrid, España, 28014, Teléfono:+ 34 91 420 14 78, extensión 329, Correo electrónico:archivo@rae.es; cquintana@rae.es, http://www.archivo.rae.es)

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This object is in the public domain, but has been digitised as the outcome of a public-private partnership, where the terms of the contractual agreement limit commercial use for a certain period of time. You can copy, redistribute, remix, tweak, and build upon the object for non-commercial use only.

This object has been identified as an Orphan Work in the country of first publication and in line with the requirements of the national law implementing Directive 2012/28/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on certain permitted uses of orphan works.

You are free to use this object in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. Please note that you are responsible for your own use, including the need to obtain other permissions e.g. with regard to publicity, privacy or moral rights.

This object is in the public domain, but is subject to known legal restrictions other than copyright which prevent its free re-use. Please contact the providing institution for more information.

This object is currently in copyright. Please contact the providing institution for more information and in order to acquire additional permissions for re-use.

The copyright status of this object has not been evaluated yet. Please contact the providing institution for more information.

You are free to use this object in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. Please note that you are responsible for your own use, including the need to obtain other permissions e.g. with regard to publicity, privacy, or moral rights.

This object is currently in copyright and the rights holder(s) have allowed re-use for educational purposes only. You are free to use this object in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. Please note that you are responsible for your own use, including the need to obtain other permissions e.g. with regard to publicity, privacy or moral rights.

Please contact the providing institution for more information and in order to acquire additional permissions for any other uses.

This object is made available under the terms of the Creative Commons - Attribution, ShareAlike (BY-SA) licence. You can copy, redistribute, remix, tweak and build upon the licensed object, even for commercial purposes, as long as you attribute the rights holder as described in the licence, and you license your adaptations of the object under the same terms.

This object is made available under the terms of the Creative Commons - Attribution, ShareAlike (BY-SA) licence. You can copy, redistribute, remix, tweak and build upon the licensed object, even for commercial purposes, as long as you attribute the rights holder as described in the licence, and you license your adaptations of the object under the same terms.

This object is made available under the terms of the Creative Commons - Attribution, No Derivates (BY-ND) licence. You can copy and redistribute the object, even commercially, as long as no alteration is made to the object and you attribute the rights holder as described in the licence.

If you remix, transform or build upon the object, you may not distribute the modified material.

This object is made available under the terms of the Creative Commons - Attribution, Non-Commercial (BY-NC) licence. You can copy, redistribute, remix, tweak, and build upon the licensed object for non-commercial use only and as long as you attribute the rights holder as described in the licence.

This object is made available under the terms of the Creative Commons - Attribution, Non-Commercial, ShareAlike (BY-NC-SA) licence. You can copy, redistribute, remix, tweak, and build upon the licensed object for non-commercial use only, as long as you attribute the rights holder as described in the licence, and as long as you license your adaptations of the object under the same terms.

This object is made available under the terms of the Creative Commons - Attribution, Non-Commercial, No Derivates (BY-NC-ND) licence. You can copy and redistribute the object for non-commercial use only, as long as no alteration is made to the object and as long as you attribute the rights holder as described in the licence.

If you remix, transform or build upon the object, you may not distribute the modified material.

This object is in the public domain, but has been digitised as the outcome of a public-private partnership, where the terms of the contractual agreement limit commercial use for a certain period of time. You can copy, redistribute, remix, tweak, and build upon the object for non-commercial use only.

This object has been identified as an Orphan Work in the country of first publication and in line with the requirements of the national law implementing Directive 2012/28/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on certain permitted uses of orphan works.

You are free to use this object in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. Please note that you are responsible for your own use, including the need to obtain other permissions e.g. with regard to publicity, privacy or moral rights.

This object is in the public domain, but is subject to known legal restrictions other than copyright which prevent its free re-use. Please contact the providing institution for more information.

This object is currently in copyright. Please contact the providing institution for more information and in order to acquire additional permissions for re-use.

The copyright status of this object has not been evaluated yet. Please contact the providing institution for more information.

You are free to use this object in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. Please note that you are responsible for your own use, including the need to obtain other permissions e.g. with regard to publicity, privacy, or moral rights.

This object is currently in copyright and the rights holder(s) have allowed re-use for educational purposes only. You are free to use this object in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. Please note that you are responsible for your own use, including the need to obtain other permissions e.g. with regard to publicity, privacy or moral rights.

Please contact the providing institution for more information and in order to acquire additional permissions for any other uses.

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