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Constitution of Romania (also called the Constitution of Union), 1923
Scope and content
Constitution of Romania (also called the Constitution of Union), confirmed by King Ferdinand, was issued in order to adapt the Romanian State to the new realities after the Great Union of 1918, replacing the one in 1866. Among others, it guaranteed freedom of expression and gathering, of conscience and religion. The right to vote was expanded beyond the 1866 census based regulations: it was universal for all males, equal, direct, compulsory and secret. Although the constitution had advanced and democratic features, its deficiencies often subvert democracy. For instance, the king appointed the president of the Council of Ministers, who then organised elections. The government was thus in a position to ensure that its party won a majority in the legislature.
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